TYPE 1 FACILITIES
SECURED JUVENILE CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES (JCI)
ADMISSION OF A JUVENILE TO A JCI
Juvenile courts from all 72 Wisconsin counties have the authority to commit male and female delinquent youth aged 12 years or older to the Department of Corrections (DOC) in a Type 1 secured juvenile correctional facility (JCI). Under unusual circumstances, a delinquent under the age of 12 years may be placed at a JCI.
Generally, a juvenile court order is for one year with the possibility of extensions up to the age of 18 years. Youth who committed especially serious crimes may be committed for 5 years or until the age of 25 years depending on the crime. In some cases, a criminal court places a convicted youth in a JCI when the youth is under 16 years old. The Federal Bureau of Prisons places a few juveniles in Wisconsin JCI’s.
A juvenile placed in a JCI meets 2 criteria:
A JCI is a correctional facility surrounded by a secure fence operated by DOC or Department of Health and Family Services (DHFS) for holding delinquent youth in secure custody. DOC administers all the facilities listed below, but for the Mendota Juvenile Treatment Center (MJTC) which DHFS administers.
RECEPTION PROCESS AT A JUVENILE CORRECTIONAL FACILITY
LHS and CLS have a Reception Center where a juvenile spends approximately the first 35 days for orientation, and the assessment and evaluation process.
PROGRAMS/SERVICES PROVIDED DURING THE YOUTH’S STAY AT THE JCI
Average length of stay for a juvenile at a JCI is 8-9 months. However, average stay for a youth who committed a very serious crime may be 18-24 months.
All cases are governed by the DJC case management system.
All juveniles without a high school diploma or equivalent must attend on-grounds school full time.
All youth participate in the LifeWork Education Program.
Youth participate in a variety of individualized treatment programs some of which are offered at all JCI’s and others only provided at a specific JCI.
Multi-disciplinary reviews are conducted on a regular basis to determine when a youth is ready for return to the community. OJOR/JPRC
Management of a youth’s case transitions from the social worker to an DJC agent or county worker upon youth’s return to the community. Community Supervision
Some youth may return to a JCI for violating a rule of community supervision or for committing a new offense.
EAS, LHS and SOGS all employ teachers, social workers, youth counselors, nurses and psychologists who work directly with the youth. Each JCI is administered by a superintendent who reports to the DJC Administrator and Deputy Administrator.
LHS,CLS provide all of the following treatment programs, services and educational and vocational programs with a few exceptions. Unique programs offered at individual JCI’s are described at the particular institution site.
MAJOR STANDARDIZED PROGRAMS
Academic and LifeWork Education Program
Wisconsin law requires school attendance by a juvenile under 18 years of age without a high school diploma or equivalent (GED or HSED). DJC youth attend school full-time at the JCI in a central location or on their living units. Improving academic skills clearly plays a vital role in a youth’s ability to successfully reintegrate into the community.
Youth over 18 years of age are not legally required to participate in educational/vocational programs, but DJC generally requires all youth to participate in such programming as part of their individualized case plans. Educational programming is offered at a variety of academic levels including middle school, high school, HSED, technical college courses and vocational programs. A significant percent of DJC youth require Special Education services.
In 2001, DJC began implementing a comprehensive LifeWork Education Program that assists the youth to understand the connection between education and career development. The program involves administration of aptitude and assessment tests, development of a LifeWork Education Plan, and compilation of a Career Portfolio that contains a record of the youth’s academic, vocational, social and employment achievements. LifeWork Education encompasses traditional academic classes, career exploration, development of soft skills (interviewing, writing resumes, etc.) as well as vocational training. A goal of LifeWork is to build a bridge between the juvenile justice system and the Wisconsin workforce development system.
Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse (AODA) program
The (AODA) program is designed to provide a safe, secure, and supportive learning environment in which youth can effectively address their substance abuse treatment needs. Through treatment, education and life skills training, youth have the opportunity to make positive lifestyle changes. A few of the objectives of the program include:
The standardized SSOP consists of an assessment process followed by a 4-phase treatment program. Every 3 to 4 weeks, the treatment team meets to evaluate the youth’s progress to determine if the youth is ready to move to the next phase.
Juvenile Cognitive Interventions Program (JCIP)
Choices, Changes and Challenges are the three phases of JCIP. This is a cognitive restructuring program designed to help youth build cognitive skills that enable them to make choices that are pro-social, rather than continuing thought patterns that result in negative decisions and behaviors. Trained facilitators deliver JCIP to youth using the standardized instruction materials. Generally, the first two phases take place in a JCI with the third phase in the community. The phases have the following goals:
Choices: help the youth understand and challenge the thinking that encourages and excuses their own illegal or harmful behavior.
Changes: build the youth’s cognitive skills to assist the youth to change thinking patterns and to develop pro-social interpersonal skills.
Challenges: continue to improve the youth’s cognitive skills and ability to avoid engaging in negative behaviors